The northern boundary is at 33.4° S, i.e. from Gosford and Bathurst to about 100 km west of Forbes. The western boundary is at 146.9° E, from about 100 km west of Forbes to Albury. The southern boundary is the NSW/Victorian border.
Plant distributions are derived from the maps generated for individual species in Spatial Portal, Atlas of Living Australia https://spatial.ala.org.au/ and from personal observation, and occasionally from the NSW Department of Environment and Heritage Bionet Atlas http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/atlaspublicapp/UI_Modules/ATLAS_/AtlasSearch.aspx.
Records dated before 1 January 1976 have been disregarded. Distributions are given only for within the area covered by this key.
Coastal records are from east of the escarpment west of Sydney and east of the hills inland from the Princes Highway. Records in the ranges are from the escarpment west of Sydney and the hills west of the Princes Highway to the western edges of the large national parks running south from the Blue Mountains to the Victorian border. Records on the tablelands are from west of the large national parks in the ranges to north and south of the ACT. Records on the Western Slopes are west and north of the ACT.
Plant names are those of the Australian Plant Census as at May 2018. In cases where the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria has not yet made a determination, plant names published in http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ and/or https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/ are used.
Most photos have been sourced from the Internet. Some were taken during the fieldwork for the books Flowers of the South Coast and Ranges of New South Wales (3 volumes) and Flowers of the ACT and Region. For some species recorded in this area, no photographs are available, or photographs are only available by linking to another site on the Internet.
Betty Wood, by training a pharmacologist, developed an interest in wildflowers and their identification many years ago when she first settled in Canberra. Her mother-in-law, an English botanist, helped her to learn to use botanical keys to identify Australian plants. She is co-author (with her husband Don) of Flowers of the South Coast & Ranges of New South Wales in three volumes, Flowers of the ACT & Region, and sole author of Simple Guide to Eucalypts and Similar Trees of the South coast and Ranges of NSW (Including the Illawarra and Southern Highlands) and the Lucid key and app Plants and Fungi of South Western New South Wales.
Belinda J Pellow, Murray J Henwood, and Roger C Carolin Flora of the Sydney Region (5th edition 2009), Sydney, Sydney University Press
Alec Costin, Max Gray, Colin Totterdell, and Dane Wimbush Kosciuszko Alpine Flora (2nd edition 2000) Collingwood, CSIRO Publishing
Nancy T Burbidge and Max Gray (1970) Flora of the Australian Capital Territory, Canberra, Australian National University Press
Meredith Cosgrove Photographic Guide to Native Plants of the Australian Capital Territory (2014) Canberra?, Meadow Argus
GM Cunningham, WE Mulham, PL Milthorpe and JH Leigh (1981 and later printings) Plants of Western New South Wales, various publishers
Gwen Harden, Bill McDonald, and John Williams (2006) Rainforest Climbing Plants. A field guide to their identification (Gwen Harden Publishing: Nambucca Heads, N.S.W.)
Gwen Harden, Bill McDonald, and John Williams (2006) Rainforest Trees and Shrubs. A field guide to their identification (Gwen Harden Publishing: Nambucca Heads, N.S.W.)
Terry Tame (1992) Acacias of Southeast Australia, Kenthurst, Kangaroo Press
Atlas of Living Australia http://www.ala.org.au/ for photos and distribution maps (and descriptions of a few plants)
Flora of Australia: https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/search
Flora of NSW: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au
Vascular Plants of the Sydney Region: https://eflora.library.sydney.edu.au/
Flora of Victoria: https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/
Flora of South Australia http://www.flora.sa.gov.au/
Flora of Western Australia https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants key http://keys.trin.org.au:8080/key-server/data/0e0f0504-0103-430d-8004-060d07080d04/media/Html/taxon/index.htm
World Wide Wattle: http://www.worldwidewattle.com/imagegallery/
Wattle Acacia of Australia: https://apps.lucidcentral.org/wattle/text/intro/index.html
EUCLID4 online (gum trees) key: http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org:8080/euclid/keys.jsp
EUCLID4 online (gum trees) fact sheets: http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org:8080/euclid/data/02050e02-0108-490e-8900-0e0601070d00/media/Html/index_species.htm
Threatened Plants NSW: https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedSpeciesApp/
NSW WeedWise: http://weeds.dpi.nsw.gov.au/
Weeds in Australia: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/?id=701
Weeds of National Significance: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/weeds/lists/wons.html
National Environmental Alert List: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/weeds/lists/alert.html
Weeds of Australia Biosecurity Queensland Edition: http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/media/Html/index.htm
Weeds of Australia identification tool: https://www.business.qld.gov.au/industries/farms-fishing-forestry/agriculture/land-management/health-pests-weeds-diseases/weeds-diseases/identification
Plants of Southern Africa: http://pza.sanbi.org/
Flora of North America: http://efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
SC Navie and SW Adkins Environmental Weeds of Australia (2008) CRC Weed Management and University of Queensland
Harden, G, Nicholson, H, McDonald, B, Nicholson, N, Tame T. & Williams, J. (2014), Rainforest Plants of Australia – Rockhampton to Victoria (Gwen Harden Publishing: Nambucca Heads, N.S.W.)
Harden, G, Nicholson, H, McDonald, B, Nicholson, N, Tame T. & Williams, J. (2016), Rainforest Plants of Australia – Rockhampton to Victoria (Gwen Harden Publishing: Nambucca Heads, N.S.W.). Available from iTunes and Google Play
Much of the information in the Fact Sheets about rainforest species is derived from this app.
Rosemary Purdie for advice on plant descriptions and nomenclature, and notes on plant descriptions published on Canberra Nature Map.
Advice on plant descriptions: Brendan Lepschi and other experts at the Australian National Herbarium, Canberra; Louisa Murray of the National Herbarium of NSW, Sydney; and Neville Walsh of the National Herbarium of Victoria, Melbourne.
Photographers of photos in the Public Domain, with Free Access, and with Creative Commons Licenses, are acknowledged in individual fact sheets.
Photos used under the guidelines from the Australian Plant Image Index, Australian National Botanic Gardens http://www.anbg.gov.au/ Individual photographers are acknowledged in the fact sheets.
Photos at Scotia Sanctuary not covered by Creative Commons Licences with permission from the Australian Wildlife Conservancy.
Photos at Carnarvon Station Bush Heritage Reserve not covered by Creative Commons Licences with permission from Bush Heritage.
Special acknowledgements to Jackie Miles and Richard Hartland, who gave me access to all their photos, and to Roger Farrow, who sent me a USB stick of photos of Pomaderris.
Other image permissions from individuals: Greg Baines, Matthew Baker of Tasmanian Herbarium, Stanley Barker, Michael Bedingfield, Steve Burrows, Paul Caine of Glen Eira Environment Group, Ryu Callaway, Michael Charters at calflora.net, Aaron Clausen, FOWSP - Flora of Warrandyte (1999) P. Coupar & D. Van Bockel, Murray Fagg, Ken Harris, Edgar Heim, Andrew Hodgson, Greg Jordan, Kwan http://www.natureloveyou.sg/, Glen Leiper, Geoff McVeigh, Fran Middleton, Colleen Miller, Michael Mulvaney, B Myers, Alan and Dianne Page, Waltraud Pix of Friends of Mt Majura, Max Pouwer, Rosemary Purdie, Barry Ralley of www.floragreatlakes.info, Jeremy Rolfe of NZPCN, Mark Saunders, Silke Smaglinski, Michael Sim, Greg and Kerri Steenbeeke (Orkology), Ken Thomas, Hans de Vries, Dane Wimbush, Don Wood.
Permission to use URLs for individual species from:
PlantNET The Plant Information Network System of The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/
NSW Threatened Species: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedspecies/
World Wide Wattle Australian Species List NSW: http://www.worldwidewattle.com/infogallery/specieslists/nsw.php
Lucid v3.6 was used to construct and manage the identification key.
Fact Sheet Fusion v2.05.125 was used to manage the images and data and create fact sheets for both the web and mobile application.
The Plants of South East NSW app was created via the Lucid Mobile Platform.
For more information on these tools please visit https://www.lucidcentral.org
With about 3,000 manually entered species, there are sure to be mistakes in this key.
Please advise me of such, or give me suggestions about how the key could be improved. Photos that users send me to fill in the gaps would be greatly appreciated. My email address is email@example.com
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