Photo 2. Irregular-shaped brown spots surrounded by yellow haloes of eggplant leaf spot, Pseudocercospora egenula.
Photo 3. Brown spots with yellow haloes, of Pseudocercospora egenula. Note that spots are on the young and old leaves, but symptoms are slight.
Eggplant leaf spot
Pseudocercospora egenula. Note, Cercospora melongenae is present in American Samoa.
Worldwide. In the tropics. It is recorded from Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, and Wallis & Futuna.
The leaf spots start as small round yellow flecks, which are slightly sunken. As the spots grow larger, their shape becomes more irregular, and they are surrounded by a yellow halo (Photos 1-3). The spots merge and turn brown, and the older leaves die prematurely. Fruits are rarely infected (Photo 4).
The spores of the fungus are produced on the underside of the leaf. They are spread by wind and rain splash.
This is a wet weather fungus, with leaf spots occurring during the rainy season, November to April. The damage to the plant is relatively slight, and there are differences between varieties. The disease is not so severe that it needs control measures.
Look for the slightly sunken irregular spots on the top surface of the leaf, surrounded by yellow haloes at first, which later merge as the leaf ages.
This disease is rarely so severe that it needs control measures.
If control measures are required, test different varieties of eggplant as some are more tolerant of the disease than others.
If fungicides were needed to control this disease, then use mancozeb, copper formulations or chlorothalonil.
AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from Gerlach WWP (1988) Plant diseases of Western Samoa. Samoan German Crop Protection Project, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) Gmbh, Germany; and from McKenzie EHC (1996) Fungi, bacteria and pathogenic algae on plants in American Samoa. Technical Paper No. 206, South Pacific Commission, New Caledonia. Photo 2 Eric McKenzie, Landcare Research, New Zealand. Photos 1-4 McKenzie E (2013) Pseudocercospora egenula PaDIL - (http://www.padil.gov.au).
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
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