Photo 2. Stem of bele split open to show a caterpillar of Earias vittella, and the frass that it pushes out through the entrance hole.
Bele shoot borer, spotted bollworm, spiny bollworm
AUTHORS Grahame Jackson, Mani Mua & Helen Tsatsia
Photos 4&5 Graham Teakle, Canberra.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
This mini fact sheet is a part of the app Pacific Pests and Pathogens
The mobile application is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes.