Photo 2. Larvae of ladybird beetles, possibly, Epilachna signatipennis, stripping the leaf surface of yard long bean.
Photo 3. Grazing and small holes in eggplant leaves caused by the 28-spotted ladybird beetle, Epilachna species.
Photo 4. Holes on leaves of eggplant made by adult eggplant or 28-spotted ladybird beetle, Epilachna species.
Photo 5. Larvae of eggplant or 28-spotted ladybird beetles, Epilachna species, grazing on eggplant, whereas the adults chew through, making large holes.
28-spotted ladybird beetles
Epilachna (Henosepilachna) species. Note, 28-spotted ladybird beetles are a complex of species. Note, too, the number of spots is variable, and cannot be used to identify ladybird beetles. Waterhouse lists five species that are recorded from Oceania: Epilachna vigintioctopunctata pardalis; Epilachna vigintisexpunctata; Epilachna vigintisexpunctata doryca; Epilachna cucurbitae; and Epilachna guttatopustulata.
AUTHORS Helen Tsatsia & Grahame Jackson
Informatiion from Waterhouse DF, Norris KR (1987) Biological Control Pacific Prospects. Inkata Press. Assistance; and from Wilco Liebregts, Eco-Consult Pacific, Fiji. Photo 1 Gerald McCormack, Cook Islands Biodiversity & Natural Heritage. (http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/). Photos 2&4 Graham Teakle, Canberra.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
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