Photo 1. First signs of alomae on the mother plant and suckers (Malaita, Solomon Islands). Note the stunted, tightly rolled, yellow leaves.
Photo 2. Stunting on the mother plant and suckers probably caused by alomae (Madang, Papua New Guinea). In this case the plant has stayed green.
Photo 4. Plant destroyed by alomae: one live shoot and many dead leaves remaining (Madang, Papua New Guinea).
Photo 5. An outbreak of alomae. Note the collapse of the older leaves, and the young ones stay rolled. It is similar to a wilt. These symptoms are typical of an alomae epidemic on plants that had been growing rapidly.
Photo 6. Possibly bobone disease (the plant seems to be recovering) on a sucker (Madang, Papua New Guinea). Note the galls on the petiole, or leaf stalk.
Photo 7. Bobone on the "female" taro variety Oga showing stunted distorted leaves (Malaita, Solomon Islands).
Photo 8. Typical symptoms of bobone with stunted, twisted green leaves (Madang, Papua New Guinea). The plant will recover from these symptoms producing leaves that look healthy, but the plant will remain infected by the virus.
Photo 9. Galls on the leaf stalk, petiole, of a plant that is probably in the early stages of alomae (Madang, Papua New Guinea). Early stages of alomae and bobone are similar, and unless the variety is known it is not possible to tell which disease is present.
Photo 10. Taro vein chlorosis virus in taro from (Tanafoli, Vanuatu). It is common to find leaves with infections on part of the leaf with edges rolled down. The symptom is very similar to that of Taro badnavirus, except that the colour of the veins is brighter.
Photo 11. Taro badnavirus showing a vein chlorosis symptom on a plant in (Safaatoa, Samoa). Compare with the symptoms of Taro vein chlorosis virus (Photo 8).
Photo 12. Symptom of Dasheen mosaic virus in taro; notice the pale green feather-like pattern between the leaf veins. Often these patterns show along the main veins.
Photo 15. Nymphs, winged and wingless adults of Tarophagus sp., the planthopper that spreads Colocasia bobone disease rhabdovirus, and most probably Taro vein chlorosis virus, another rhabdovirus.
Alomae and bobone
Several viruses have been identified in plants with these diseases, but it is not yet certain which ones are the cause. The viruses associated with these diseases are: Colocasia bobone disease rhabdovirus (CBDV); Taro vein chlorosis rhabdovirus (TaVCV); Taro badnvirus (TaBV); Dasheen mosaic potyvirusvirus (DsMV). It recent years a tenuivirus has been detected, as well as genome sequences of Colocasia bobone disease-associated virus (CBDaV), but it is not yet clear if this is the same as CBDV.
AUTHORS Helen Tsatsia & Grahame Jackson
Photo 14 Mike Furlong, University of Queensland, Australia.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
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