Photo 1. Button stage of the paddy straw mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, showing many still enclosed in the veil, and others where the veil has broken.
Photo 2. Young paddy straw mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, showing the broken veil on top of the cap and at the bottom of the stem. Note the radiating hairs of the cap.
Photo 3. Paddy straw mushrooms, Volvariella volvacea, at Honiara market, Solomon Islands. Note the dark centre to the cap, the variation in colour between caps, from silvery-white to brownish-grey, and the radiating striations.
Photo 4. Paddy straw mushroom, Volariella volvacea, showing the lack of a ring on the stem or stipe. Compare with the death cap (Photo 5).
Paddy straw mushroom, straw mushroom, Chinese mushroom.
AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from Pacioni G (1993) The MacDomald Encyclopedia of mushrooms and toadstools. Little, Brown and Company (UK) Limited. London; and Volvariella volvacea. Wikipedia. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volvariella_volvacea); and Amanita phalloides. Wikipedia. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita_phalloides); and Kuo M (2018) Volvariella volvacea. Mushroom Expert.Com. (http://www.mushroomexpert.com/volvariella_volvacea.html); and Amanita phalloides (2020 Wikipedia. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita_phalloides) and from FAO (2017) Straw mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) cultivation for livelihood diversification in Laos. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (http://www.fao.org/3/ca4450en/ca4450en.pdf). Photo 1 Chong Fat (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:StrawMushroom.jpg). Photo 4 Len Worthington Volvariella volvacea (Bul.) Singer (1951). (https://www.flickr.com/photos/lennyworthington/16265718515/). Photo 5 Archenzo. Amanita phalloides. Piacenza's mountains (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita_phalloides).
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project HORT/2016/185: Responding to emerging pest and disease threats to horticulture in the Pacific islands, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
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