Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds - Online edition

Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides

Bele (Abelmoschus) leafminer (256)

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  • World distribution unknown. On bele (aibika, sliperi kabis, island cabbage,  Abelmoschus manihot), and other members of the Hibiscus family, including the cultivated Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and the wild Hibiscus tiliaceus. An important pest.
  • Mines caused by a moth larva making leaves inedible. Mines occur alongside veins, causing paper-thin, silvery, bronzed shiny areas.
  • Cultural control: squash the mines by hand if numbers are small; if numerous, remove affected leaves and burn; do not plant next to infested gardens; after last harvest, pull out and burn the plants.
  • Chemical control: use soap, white or horticultural oils; use PDPs (with soap): chilli, derris, pyrethrum, or neem; use synthetic pyrethroids, or systemic products, e.g., acephate or imidacloprid, but they are more likely to kill natural enemies.
Common Name

There is no common name. Here it is called bele leafminer.

Scientific Name

Acrocercops panall, a member of the Gracillariidae family. Acrocercops cathedrae is recorded from Papua New Guinea1.

AUTHOR Grahame Jackson and Mani Mua
1Preston SR (1998) Aibika/Bele. Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 24. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome; and 2Swaine G (1971) Agricultural Zoology in Fiji. Her Majesty's Stationery Office. London, HMSO.

Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

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