- Worldwide distribution. On bele bele (aibika, sliperi kabis, island cabbage, Abelmoschus manihot), tomato (see Fact Sheet no. 157), and also attacks capsicum, citrus, papaya, passionfruit (see Fact Sheet no. 154) and pineapple. A water mould, an oomycete, not a fungus. The wilt is worse in waterlogged soils.
- Spread is in rain splash, ground water, soil on machinery and shoes; perhaps, soil on cuttings, and the horticultural trade.
- Survival is by thick-walled spores. Other types of spores infect and rot the roots, causing plants to wilt.
- Cultural control: plant on ridges and make ditches; remove wilted plants with soil around the roots; avoid land planted previously with e.g., papaya, passionfruit, pineapple, okra; avoid taking cutting from wilted plants; 4-year crop rotations.
- Chemical control: not recommended.
Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides
Bele (Abelmoschus) Phytophthora wilt (149)
Photo 2. Bele wilt, Phytophthora nicotianae, showing the death of the young shoot at the top of the plant.
Bele Phytophthora wilt
Phytophthora nicotianae; previously, Phytophthora nicotianae pv. parasitica.
AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from Trakunsukharat P (2011) Foot and root rot (Phytophthora parasitica): PaDIL - http://www.padil.gov.au. Photos 1&3 Mike Furlong, University of Queensland. Photo 2 AR Hardham, Plant Cell Biology Group, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia. Photos 4&5 Pita Tikai, ACIAR ICM/IPM project, Solomon Islands.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.