Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds - Online edition

Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides

Cabbage white rust (134)

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  • Worldwide distribution. On members of the brassica family, e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, radish, and cruciferous weeds. Another species attacks sweetpotato. White rust reduces market value.
  • A water mould, an Oomycete, not a fungus is the cause. Spread by rain-splash, wind, insects, and on plants and seeds.
  • Cultural control: good quality, reputable seed; long crop rotations; drip rather than overhead irrigation early in the day; use wide plant spacing; optimise plant nutrition; collect and burn debris after harvest; tolerant varieties (except broccoli).
  • Chemical control: alternate copper or mancozeb with systemic metalaxyl or phosphorous acid.
Common Name

White rust, white blister

Scientific Name

Albugo candida. There are different strains. Other species are present in Pacific island countries, for instance, Albugo ipomoeae-aquatica (Photo 1) and Albugo ipomoeae-panduratae.

AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from (including Photos 1&4) Diseases of vegetable crops in Australia (2010). Editors, Denis Persley, et al. CSIRO Publishing, Australia; and from Gerlach WWP (1988) Plant diseases of Western Samoa. Samoan German Crop Protection Project, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) Gmbh, Germany; Carr P et al. (2003) White blister (Albugo candida). Vegetable matters-of Facts No. 4. Department of Primary Industries, Victoria. Photos 2&3 Kohler F, et al. (1997) Diseases of cultivated crops in Pacific Island countries. South Pacific Commission. Pirie Printers Pty Limited, Canberra, Australia. Photo 5 Jacquie (Wright) Kami, formerly Plant Pathologist, Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Suva, Fiji. Photos 6&7 Mani Mua, SPC, Sigatoka Research Station, Fiji. Diagram Eric McKenzie (2013) Albugo candida: PaDIL - (

Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

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