Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds - Online edition

Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides

Cocoa vascular streak dieback (223)

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  • Widespread distribution. Asia and Oceania. On cocoa and avocado. An important disease.
  • Leaves up to 1 m behind the shoot tip turn yellow with greenish spots. Other leaves are affected and fall. Leaf scars show brown vascular bundles; internally browning extends along the stem. Infection spreads to other branches and tree dies. The fungus grows from the leaf scars, forms spores which are spread by wind, and these infect the leaves.
  • Cultural control: pruning, but only on those trees with some resistance; tolerant varieties have been bred in Papua New Guinea.
  • Chemical control: none recommended.
Common Name

Cocoa vascular streak dieback

Scientific Name

Oncobasidium theobromae

AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information (and Photo 1) from CABI (2012) Oncobasidium theobramae Crop Protection Compendium. (; and from End MJ, et al. (Eds.) 2017. Technical guidelines for the safe movement of cacao germplasm. Revised from the FAO/IPGRI Technical Guidelines No. 20 (Third Update, October 2017). Global Cacao Genetic Resources Network (CacaoNet), Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. ( Photos 2&3 Chris Prior, Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley Laboratory, UK. Photo 4 Richard Markham, ACIAR, Canberra.

Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

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