- Worldwide distribution. There are several types attacking cucumber, bean, tomato, cabbage, and other families, and many plants in the cut flower trade. Damage is done by the larvae or maggot; the adult is a fly.
- Eggs laid beneath leaf surface; larvae hatch and mine the leaves, which dry up and fall early; loss of leaves may cause sunburn. Damage also done by female using ovipositors to feed on sap (both sexes feed on nectar).
- Biosecurity: not all species in all countries.
- Natural enemies: many exist giving effective control.
- Cultural control: remove weeds as they are leafminer hosts; collect and destroy trash after harvest.
- Chemical control: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), spinosad, abamectin, cyromazine; resistance to pyrethroids exists.
Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides
Leafminers - General (110)
Photo 1. Adult vegetable leafminer, Liriomyza sativae (side view). The adults feed on sap from leaves and nectar.
Leafminers. See other fact sheets for accounts on separate species (Fact Sheet nos. 259, 262 and 377).
Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leafminer); Liriomyza trifolii (chrysanthemum leafminer or American serpentine leafminer), Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer); Liriomyza brassicae (cabbage or serpentine leafminer).
AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from Waterhouse DF, Norris KR (1987) Biological Control Pacific Prospects. Inkata Press; and Liriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer-https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/30956), Liriomyza brassicae (serpentine leafminer-https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/30949), Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner-https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/30960), and Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer-https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/30965). Crop Protection Compendium; and Leaf miner (2020) Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. (hhttps://www.agriculture.gov.au/pests-diseases-weeds/plant/leaf-miner); and from Sooda A et al. (2017) Multiplex real-time PCR assay for the detection of three invasive leafminer species: Liriomyza huidobrensis, L. sativae and L. trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Austral Entomology 56, 153-159. Photo 1 Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. Photo 2&5 J. Poorani, National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Insects (formerly PDBC), Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Photos 3&4 Ella Pirtle, cesar Pty. Ltd., 293, Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. Photos 6&7 and editing Peter Ridland. University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.