Worldwide distribution. On onions, a preferred host, but infestations also occur on onion relatives, beans, brassicas, carrot, cotton, cucurbits, legumes, papaya, pineapple, potato, tobacco, tomato and many ornamentals. At least 25 plant families are infested.
Thrips pierce cells and suck up the contents, leaving white specks. They spread viruses.
Spread is by flight from weeds, on air currents, and in the trade in bulbs.
Natural enemies. many predators.
Cultural control: nurseries far from field crops; inspect transplants carefully; avoid planting new crops next to old, and not downwind; remove weeds and “volunteers”; mulch; use yellow sticky cards to check for thrips; collect plant trash and burn after harvest; 2-3-year rotations.
Chemical control: soap, white or horticultural oils, neem or spinosad; note, thrips have developed resistance to many pesticides, which will kill natural enemies.
Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides
Onion thrips (117)
Photo 1. Silvery-white feeding patches on the leaves of shallot from infestations of the onion thrips, Thrips tabaci.
AUTHOR Grahame Jackson
Information from CABI (2014) Thrips tabaci (onion thrips). Crop Protection Compendium (https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/53746); and Onion thrips (2013) Cooperative Extension. University of Minnesota. (http://cues.cfans.umn.edu/old/inter/inmine/Thripk.html); and Thrips tabaci. Wikipedia. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrips_tabaci); and from Waterhouse DF, Norris KR (1989) Thrips tabaci Linderman. Biological Control Pacific Prospects - Supplement 1. Photos 1&2 Rehan Silva University of Queensland.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.