- Widespread distribution. Asia, Africa, Oceania. On sugarcane, lowland pitpit, and other Saccharum species. Occasionally, an important virus disease.
- Galls occur on the leaves; leaves are stiff, stunted, and flat-topped (as if chewed).
- Spread is by planthoppers, and in planting setts.
- Cultural control: use varieties bred for resistance (Fiji and Australia); do not take planting material from affected plants, even if some stalks in a stool look healthy; carefully remove diseased plants as soon as disease seen without spreading insects; collect and burn trash, after harvest.
- Chemical control: none recommended.
Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides
Sugarcane Fiji disease (077)
Photo 1. Galls on the midrib or larger veins of the leaf are the first sign of infection from Sugarcane Fiji disease virus.
Fiji disease of sugarcane; also known as Fiji leaf gall.
Sugarcane Fiji disease fijivirus; the abbreviation is FDV. The particles are 70 um in diameter, and belong to the family Reoviridae.
AUTHORS Helen Tsatsia & Grahame Jackson
Information from SRA (2015) Information sheet ISI5001. Sugarcane Research Australia. (https://sugarresearch.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Fiji-leaf-gall-IS13003-2.pdf); and Fiji leaf gall (2018) SRA Sugarcane Research Australia (https://sugarresearch.com.au/sugar_files/2017/03/Fiji-Gall-Leaf-Info-Sheet_2018-F.pdf); and from CABI (2012) Fiji disease virus (fiji disease of sugar cane). Crop Protection Compendium. (https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/49800). Photo 1 Bureau of Sugar Experimental Stations, Australia.
Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.