Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds - Online edition

Pacific Pests, Pathogens, Weeds & Pesticides

Sugarcane Fiji disease (077)

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  • Widespread distribution. Asia, Africa, Oceania. On sugarcane, lowland pitpit, and other Saccharum species. Occasionally, an important virus disease.
  • Galls occur on the leaves; leaves are stiff, stunted, and flat-topped (as if chewed).
  • Spread is by planthoppers, and in planting setts.
  • Cultural control: use varieties bred for resistance (Fiji and Australia); do not take planting material from affected plants, even if some stalks in a stool look healthy; carefully remove diseased plants as soon as disease seen without spreading insects; collect and burn trash, after harvest.
  • Chemical control: none recommended.
Common Name

Fiji disease of sugarcane; also known as Fiji leaf gall.

Scientific Name

Sugarcane Fiji disease fijivirus; the abbreviation is FDV. The particles are 70 um in diameter, and belong to the family Reoviridae.

AUTHORS Helen Tsatsia & Grahame Jackson
Information from SRA (2015) Information sheet ISI5001. Sugarcane Research Australia. (; and Fiji leaf gall (2018) SRA Sugarcane Research Australia (; and from CABI (2012) Fiji disease virus (fiji disease of sugar cane). Crop Protection Compendium. ( Photo 1 Bureau of Sugar Experimental Stations, Australia.

Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.

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