Acacias of Australia

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Acacia cana Maiden

Common Name

Boree, Broad-leaved Nealie, Cabbage-tree Wattle




Disjunct, occurring in the Adavale area, southern central Qld and on the western plains of N.S.W. west of Enngonia and N of Wilcannia.


Shrub or tree to 6 m high with dense spreading crown. Branchlets densely silvery appressed-puberulous, glabrescent. Phyllodes erect, linear to linear-elliptic, straight, (3–) 5–13 cm long, (1.5–) 2–5 mm wide, acuminate, ±pungent, rigid, densely silvery appressed-puberulous but hairs confined to between nerves with age, with numerous closely parallel indistinct nerves. Inflorescences normally 2–5-headed racemes; raceme axes 1–6 (–10) mm long; peduncles (3–) 4–8 mm long, appressed-puberulous; hairs golden ageing silvery; heads globular, 4.5 mm diam., 25–30-flowered, bright yellow. Flowers 5-merous; sepals free to 1/2-united. Pods linear, constricted between and slightly raised over seeds, to 10 cm long, (3–) 4–6 (–8) mm wide, coriaceous to chartaceous, longitudinally reticulate, densely appressed-puberulous. Seeds longitudinal.


Grows along watercourses on gibber plains and on sandhills as pure stands of scattered trees and in mixed woodland.


Qld: ‘Avonvilla’, N of Adavale, 11 Apr. 1961, R.G.Wilson (K). N.S.W.: White Cliffs road, P.E.Conrick 1468 (PERTH); 5.6 km NNW of Mt Shannon HS, 28 km SSW of Milparinka, J.Pickard & J.C.de Nardi 792 (CANB n.v., K, NSW).


As discussed by L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 1: 341–343 (1981), A. tephrina was formerly included within the concept of A. cana in Qld.

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia


R.S.Cowan, B.R.Maslin

Minor edits by B.R.Maslin & J.Rogers