Acacias of Australia

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Acacia cincinnata F.Muell.




Restricted to Qld, on rainforest margins in wetter areas of the Atherton Tableland, its adjacent coast and the Eungella Ra., also in eucalypt open forest often on river banks in high rainfall areas on the coast between Maryborough and Brisbane.


Large shrub or tree 5–25 m high. Bark furrowed, flaky, dark grey to black. Branchlets angular, stout, pale brownish grey, ±pubescent. Phyllodes obliquely very narrowly elliptic, tapered gradually towards apex and base, flat, ±falcate, 10–16 cm long, (12–) 14–30 mm wide, coriaceous, with scattered appressed hairs but becoming glabrous (young tips golden hairy), with 3 main conspicuous nerves confluent and contiguous with lower margin near phyllode base; minor nerves 3–5 per mm, longitudinal, occasionally anastomosing; gland 1, basal, to 2 mm above pulvinus. Spikes 3.5–5.5 cm long, creamy yellow. Flowers 5-merous; calyx dissected to 1/3, densely pubescent; corolla 1.5–1.8 mm long, dissected to 1/2, glabrous; ovary pubescent. Pods straight-sided, tightly spirally coiled, (4–) 5–6 (–7) mm wide, coriaceous, pruinose, glabrous. Seeds longitudinal, elliptic-oblong, 3.5–4.5 mm long, black; areole elliptic, open; funicle-aril ±encircling seed in double-loop, thickened, orange or yellow.


Flowers May & June.


Often in sandy soils over granite.


Qld: S end of Bribie Is., B.Lebler & M.F.Olsen (BRI, CANB, K, MEL, MO, NSW, US); 8.5 miles [13.6] km on road from Mareeba, Mt Malloy region, I.V.Newman 521 (NSW); Finch Hatton Gorge, Eungella Ra., I.R.Telford 9226 & G.Butler (CANB, NSW).


Details of ecology, utilisation, etc. of A. cincinnata are given in J.W.Turnbull (ed.), Multipurpose Austral. Trees & Shrubs 122 (1986).

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia


Minor edits by B.R.Maslin & J.Rogers

Dr M.D.Tindale and Dr P.G.Kodela with the assistance of M.Bedward, S.J.Davies, C.Herscovitch, D.A.Keith and/or D.A.Morrison