Acacias of Australia

Print Fact Sheet

Acacia curranii Maiden

Common Name

Curly-bark Wattle




Disjunct distribution, occurring near Guralmundi, Darling Downs District, Qld, and at Shepherds Hill and Kilparney, South Western Plains, N.S.W.


Shrub to 3 m high, multistemmed. Bark ‘Minni Ritchi’, maroon or grey. Branchlets angular towards apices, maroon-grey, ±silky-pubescent or subglabrous. Young shoots with appressed, yellow hairs. Phyllodes erect, linear, subterete or flattened, (5–) 8.5–18 cm long, usually 0.5–1.5 mm wide, thick, longitudinally striate with c. 25 closely parallel nerves, usually ±shallowly grooved along midline between several raised nerves, silky (especially in groove and between nerves) to subglabrous; gland 1, basal, to 2.3 mm above pulvinus. Spikes obloid, 0.4–1.2 cm long, golden. Flowers 5-merous; calyx 0.9–1.3 mm long, dissected for 3/10–5/8, densely pubescent on lobes; corolla 1.3–1.8 mm long, dissected for 1/3–1/2, with lobes pubescent and margins papillose; ovary densely pubescent. Pods linear, flat, ±straight-sided to slightly constricted between seeds, 4–7 cm long, 2–3.5 mm wide, firmly chartaceous, with loosely matted hairs. Seeds longitudinal, ±narrow oblong-elliptic, 3–3.3 mm long, dark brown; pleurogram U-shaped, with yellowish halo; areole depressed, greyish brown.


Flowers Aug. & Sept.


Near Guralmundi it grows in poorly drained soils over sandstone, while at Shepherds Hill and Kilparney it grows in skeletal soil on igneous hills.


Qld: 10.6 km W from Gurulmundi turnoff on Wandoan–Miles road, I.B.Armitage 1453 (NSW); 3 miles [4.8 km] W of Gurulmundi on Dividing Ra., L.Pedley 877 (BRI, NSW). N.S.W.: ‘Mt Solitary’, Kilparney, D.Johnston 8132 (NSW); Shepherds Hill, J.Pickard 3508 (A, AD, BRI, CANB, G, L, UC, US).


The locality ‘Cobar’ for the type specimen is rather doubtful, as material of A. curranii has not been collected there again, or between Cobar and Shepherds Hill or Kilparney. A broad (to c. 4 mm wide), flat phyllode variant occurs E of Hillston, N.S.W., e.g. Wollongong Gap, 35 km E of Hillston, J.Brickhill 6 (NSW); Monia Gap Stn, J.Pickard 4223 (AD, BRI, CANB, CHR, E, G, K, MEL, MO, NE, NSW, NY, PERTH, PRE, UNSW).

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia


Dr M.D.Tindale and Dr P.G.Kodela with the assistance of M.Bedward, S.J.Davies, C.Herscovitch, D.A.Keith and/or D.A.Morrison

Minor edits by J.Rogers