Acacias of Australia

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Acacia lacertensis Pedley




Occurs in northern N.T. on the western and northern margins of the west Arnhemland sandstone plateau.


Slender shrub or tree with sparse canopy to 8 m tall. Branchlets angular at extremities, sometimes stout (especially on young plants), glabrous, often lightly pruinose. Phyllodes straight or shallowly sigmoid, sometimes shallowly recurved especially near the normally acute apex, narrowed both ends, commonly erect, 10–17 (–22) cm long, 1–2.5 (–3) cm wide, to 4 cm on juvenile plants, glabrous, rather thinly textured; longitudinal nerves numerous, 2 or 3 more prominent than the rest with lowermost pair running together in middle of phyllode at base, minor nerves widely spaced (3–4 per mm) and longitudinally anastomosing in between; gland 1–5 mm above pulvinus; pulvinus 3–7 mm long. Inflorescences simple or on rudimentary racemes to c. 1.5 mm long, 4–6.5 cm long, ±loosely flowered, golden; peduncles 5–10 mm long, glabrous. Flowers 5-merous; calyx 0.4–0.5 mm long, broadly cupular, lobed to about middle, glabrous or fimbriate; ovary sparsely sericeous. Pods linear, ±straight, 8–9 cm long, 3–4 mm wide; convex over seeds, glabrous, with prominent marginal nerves. Seeds longitudinal, oblong, 3.8–4.5 mm long, 1.7–2.3 mm wide; aril terminal, cupular.


Flowers June–July; fruits collected Sept.


Grows on sandy banks of watercourses.


N.T.: East Alligator R., N.B.Byrnes 2751 (BRI, DNA); Narbalek, Cooper Ck, R.Hinz 597 (BRI); Cooper Ck, 45 km N of Oenpelli, G.Chippendale NT8094 (BRI, DNA), 17.8 km along turnoff to Murgenella, Cooper Ck, M.McDonald MM413 (BRI).


Acacia lacertensis is closely related to A. tropica. The most obvious differences between them are the texture of the phyllodes and the prominence of the nerves, fide L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 5(2): 317 (1999). In N.T. A. tropica occurs in the Gulf country (and on Groote Is.), c. 500 km SE of where A. lacertensis is found and is recognized by its phyllodes that are rather abruptly narrowed to obtuse apices.

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia



Edited by B.R.Maslin