Acacias of Australia

Print Fact Sheet

Acacia melvillei Pedley

Common Name





Occurs in south-eastern Qld from Clermont SE to Stanthorpe and across central N.S.W., extending into Vic. to Mildura and Kerang.


Tree to c. 15 m high. Branchlets normally glabrous. Phyllodes ascending, narrowly elliptic or oblong-elliptic, ±straight, (3–) 5–9 (–12), (3–) 5–10 (–15) mm wide, acute, sometimes mucronate, coriaceous, glabrous or sparsely appressed-puberulous, with numerous closely parallel obscure nerves of which 1–3 sightly more prominent than the rest. Inflorescences 1–5-headed racemes, often 2 per axil; raceme axes 0.5–7 mm long, glabrous; peduncles 4–9 mm long, sparsely puberulous or glabrous; heads globular, 5–8 mm diam., 25–50-flowered, golden; bracteoles spathulate. Flowers 5-merous; sepals 1/2-united. Pods oblong, flat, slightly raised over and irregularly ±constricted between seeds, straight, to 9 cm long, 9–15 mm wide, thinly chartaceous, transversely reticulate, glabrous. Seeds transverse, broadly elliptic, 3.5–5.5 mm long, glossy, brown-black; aril small.


Grows in loam, clay and sand, often in mixed open woodland and woodland.


Qld: c. 10 km from Springsure towards Arcturus Downs, B.O’Keeffe 846 (BRI, PERTH); 12 km SW of Goombungee, J.H.Ross 3068 (PERTH). N.S.W.: 6.4 km N of Impini Pits, J. & T.Whaite 1928 (NSW, PERTH). Vic.: halfway between Kerang and Quambatook, 17 Sept. 1971, C.Williams (NSW).


Reported to hybridise with A. loderi in Vic., fide T.J.Entwistle et al., in N.G.Walsh & T.J.Entwistle (eds), Fl. Victoria 3: 605 (1996).

Very close to A. homalophylla and very difficult to distinguish in absence of pods. Possibly related also to A. maranoensis, which has generally longer phyllodes and narrower pods with longitudinally oblique seeds.

FOA Reference

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia


R.S.Cowan, B.R.Maslin

Minor edits by B.R.Maslin