Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Abutilon indicum var. australiense Hochr. ex Britten
Britten, J. (1900) Illustrations of the Botany of Captain Cook's Voyage Round the World 1: 10. Type: Queensland, Syntypes: Bustard Bay, Bay of Inlets, Endeavours River, Banks & Solander; syn: BM?.
Indian lantern flower
Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1 m tall.
Pedicels (or perhaps more correctly the pedicel + peduncle) long and slender, about 9-12 cm long. Flowers large, about 55-60 mm diam. when fully open. Both the inner and outer surfaces of the calyx clothed in stellate hairs, those on the inner surface being longer. Staminal filaments fused to form a tube surrounding the ovary and style. Ovary about 14-17-locular, densely clothed in white or pale-coloured stellate (?) hairs.
Cotyledons cordate, about 9-11 x 10-12 mm, petioles about 12-15 mm long. First pair of leaves cordate, leaf blade margin toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade cordate, margin toothed, both the upper and lower surfaces clothed in short stellate hairs, particularly on the underside. Petiole about as long as the leaf blades. Stipules linear, about 5-7 x 0.5 mm. Stem densely clothed in short stellate hairs and scattered long slender hairs. Seed germination time 27 to 62 days.
Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range very small, from near sea level to 200 m. Grows as an understory plant in monsoon forest, beach forest and vine thickets. May also occur outside Australia.
Treated as Abutilon albescens in Qld.