Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Acacia ulicifolia (Salisb.) Court

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Court, A.B. (1957) The Victorian Naturalist 73: 173.

Common name

Juniper Wattle; Prickly Moses; Wattle, Juniper


Flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-4 m tall.


Leaves phyllodineous. Leaf blades +/- needle-like, about 10-12 x 1.5 mm with a sharp pungent point at the apex. Midrib raised on both surfaces. Stipules small, brown, thorn-like, about 1-1.5 mm long.


Flowers sessile, packed in spherical heads on peduncles about 5-15 mm long. Calyx +/- translucent, clothed in white hairs. Corolla +/- translucent, yellow-green towards the apex. Anther filaments glabrous, white. Ovary green.


Pods linear, about 4-5 x 0.5 cm. Funicle orange-brown, straight, about 3 mm long.


Cotyledons about 4-5 x 2 mm. First leaf pinnate, second leaf bipinnate, leaflets apiculate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves phyllodineous, terete or linear, about 6-8 x 1 mm, apex subulate, base sessile. Midrib just visible with a lens. Stipules linear, about 1 mm long. Seed germination time 19 to 31 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as Tasmania. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 900-1100 m. In NEQ usually grows in open forest and wet sclerophyll forest but occasionally found on rain forest margins.

Natural History & Notes

This species has exhibited some anti-tumour activity.

Racosperma ulicifolium (Salisb.) Pedley, Austrobaileya 2(3): 356(1984). Mimosa ulicifolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. : 324(1796), Type: New South Wales, Port Jackson, Burton: holo: ?. Acacia juniperina (Vent.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1049(1806).
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