Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Actephila latifolia Benth.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Female flowers. CC-BY J.L. Dowe
Male and female flowers. CC-BY J.L. Dowe
Fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Bentham, G. (1873) Flora Australiensis 6: 89. Type: Queensland, Cape York, Daemel s. n. Lecto: K. (Fide Shaw 1981).


Flowers and fruits as a shrub about 2-3 m tall.


Leaves tend to be arranged in tight spirals or whorls along the twigs. Lateral veins curving but forming only indistinct loops inside the blade margin. Leaf blade about 13-21 x 5-7 cm. Petiole grooved on the upper surface.


Both male and female flowers produced on the same plant but male flowers are often difficult to distinguish. Flowers on pedicels about 4-5 mm long. Each petal ending in a tuft of hairs.


Capsules globular, about 14 mm diam., disintegrating completely at maturity. Pedicels 5-7 mm long. Tepals persistent at the base of the fruit. Endosperm scanty.


Cotyledons almost quadrangular, about 20-23 x 27-30 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade +/- elliptic, about 10-12 x 3.5 cm, stipules broadly triangular, about 1-1.5 mm long. Seed germination time 24 to 66 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range about 400 m. Grows as an understory plant in well developed upland rain forest.

Actephila sp. (Little Mossman BH 13697)
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.