Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Aidia racemosa (Cav.) Tirveng.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and buds. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: D. Greig.
Flowers. CC-BY J.L. Dowe
Fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit. © G. Sankowsky
Fruit, side view and cross section. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Trunk. © G. Sankowsky

Tirvengadum, D.D. (1983) Nordic Journal of Botany 3(4) : 455.

Common name

Archer Cherry; Wild Randa


Blaze usually conspicuously layered.


Although the leaves generally appear to be opposite on the twigs, close inspection reveals that usually every second 'pair' of leaves really consists of only one leaf. Stipules +/- triangular, about 2-4 mm long, tapering to a point at the apex. Leaf blades about 9-19 x 3-7 cm. Domatia are small foveoles often with hairs at the opening.


Flowers strongly perfumed. Calyx about 1-2 mm long, the lobes short. Corolla about 9-12 mm long, the lobes as long as the tube. Anthers about the same length as the corolla lobes.


Fruit about 8-10 mm long. Calyx tube persisting at the apex of the mature fruits, like a narrow funnel.


Cotyledons ovate or +/- orbicular, about 6-7 x 5 mm. At the tenth leaf stage: midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Stipules about 3 mm long, interpetiolar, triangular and ending in a fine point at the apex; stem with a few scattered pale hairs below each pair of leaves. Seed germination time 88 to 305 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 500 m. Grows in monsoon forest, dry rain forest, gallery forest and well developed rain forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

Natural History & Notes

Flowers have a strong but pleasant jasmine fragrance.

Stylocoryna racemosa Cav., Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum 4 : 46(1797), Type: Habitat passim in insulis philippicis et praesertim in portu Cavite, tribus leucis a Manila seiuncto, ubi floribus fructibusque onustam reperit me. Randia lamprophylla O.Schwarz, Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 24 : 100(1927), Type: Port Darwin; dry jungle (Blesser no. 590.). Aidia cochinchinensis Lour., Flora Cochinchinensis : 143(1790). Ixora thozetiana F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 2: 132(1861), Type: Prope Rockhampton, A. Thozet; juxta portum Denison, E. Fitzalan. Randia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., Transactions of the American Philosophical Society n. ser., 24 : 365(1934). Randia densiflora (DC.) Benth., Flora Hongkongensis : 155(1861), Type: (not cited).
RFK Code
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