Amaranthus hybridus L.
Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 990. Type: Habitat in Virginia.
Usually flowers and fruits as a weedy plant about 1-2 m tall.
Each flower subtended by a bract which is longer than the flower. Tepals rather papery, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Male flowers: Flowers about 2 mm long, tepals about 1-1.5 mm long. Anthers about 0.8 mm long. Female flowers: Flowers about 2 mm long. Ovary, styles and stigma about 2 mm long. Ovary laterally compressed, the 'equator' marked by a line. Stigmas three, clothed in glandular hairs.
Cotyledons 5-8 x 1.5-2 mm, petioles long and slender or the cotyledon base very attenuate. First pair of true leaves +/- ovate, apex retuse and apiculate, base cuneate or attenuate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves +/- ovate, apex obtuse, slightly emarginate and aristate, base attenuate. Petioles long and slender. Stem clothed in tortuous pale coloured hairs. Seed germination time 14 to 231 days.
An introduced species originally from North America, now naturalised in NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards into New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 750 m. A weed of agricultural land and waste places but also found in disturbed areas and along roads in monsoon forest, vine thickets and some rain forests. Also occurs as a weed in Malesia.