Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Anisomeles macdonaldii A.R.Bean

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and flower. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Flower and fruit. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Flower. © Australian Tropical Herbarium
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage, cotyledons still attached, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Bean, A.R. (2015) Austrobaileya 9(3): 363-364. Type: "Australia: Queensland. COOK DISTRICT: c. 8 km by road E of Chillagoe, 21 April 2013, K.R. McDonald KRM14083 & G.P. Guymer."


Herb or shrub to 2 m tall. Stem with long hairs, short curved hairs absent or retrorse present; glandular hairs and sessile glands present.


Leaf bearing stems 4-angled. Leaves on stems ovate to elliptic, 51-91 mm long x 32-63 mm wide; margins crenate or dentate; base obtuse or broadly cuneate; petioles 19-40 mm long; leaf blade upper and lower surfaces with erect glandular and curved eglandular hairs, dense to moderately dense, sessile glands present.


Floral bracts leaf-like but gradually becoming smaller, ovate , 14-47 mm long x 11-28 mm wide, consistently longer than the inflorescence clusters (verticils). Inflorescence clusters spaced along rachis, sometimes branched near base, with 4-11 flowers per axis (monochasium). Corolla 2-lipped. Corolla tube longer than or equal to calyx. Corolla platform (flattened upper side of the large lower corolla lip) with eglandular hairs.


Fruiting calyx 7.4-10 mm long; on the outer surface with various hair types, glandular and e-glandular hairs and sessile glands; on the inner surface with a ring of hairs near the middle or glabrous. Calyx persistent, enclosing the nutlets. Nutlets ellipsoid, about 1.8-2.3 long.


Seed germination time 433. Cotyledons orbicular, about 4-7 mm diam., undersurface hairy. First pair of true leaves elliptic to ovate, margins toothed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade about 50 x 35 mm with about 11 large teeth on each side, elliptic to ovate, petiole about 20-25 mm long, channelled on the upper surface. Stem, petiole and both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf blade with numerous long erect multicellular hairs and dense short glandular hairs. Lower surface of the leaf blade with numerous pale-coloured globular glands. All seedling parts emitting a strong odour when crushed. Stems square in transverse section.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from 300 to 800 m in NEQ. Usually grows in open forest but occasionally found in monsoon forest and vine thickets.

Natural History & Notes

 Description adapted from A.R.Bean (2015).

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