Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Anthocarapa nitidula (Benth.) T.D.Penn. ex Mabb.

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Flower. © Barry Jago
Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Mabberley, D.J. (1986) Blumea 31: 133.

Common name

Incensewood; Jimmy Jimmy; Incense Cedar; Bog Onion


Layering visible in both the living and dead bark. Wood and blaze odour like that of incense.


Leaflet blades about 5-15 x 2.5-4.5 cm. Small oil dots visible with a lens. Midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaflet blades. Freshly broken twigs emit an odour like that of the blaze.


Disk annular or patelliform. Petals about 5-6 mm long, free from the staminal tube. One ovule per locule.


Fruit about 15-20 mm long. Aril or sarcotesta completely enclosing the seed. Cotyledons green.


Hypocotyl oval in transverse section. At the tenth leaf stage: leaflets obovate, apex acute to obtuse, base cuneate, upper surface glabrous; very small oil dots just visible with a lens; petiole and rhachis of compound leaf winged, glabrous. Seed germination time 3 to 26 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ, and in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales, but apparently not in CEQ. Altitudinal range in CYP and NEQ from near sea level to 1000 m. Grows in well developed rain forest but tends to be more common in drier or more seasonal rain forest. Also occurs in Malesia, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia.

Natural History & Notes

Produces a useful durable timber.

Wood specific gravity 0.80. Cause et al. (1989).

Pseudocarapa nitidula (Benth.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 21: 315(1940). Amoora nitidula Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 383(1863), Type: Queensland. Moreton Bay, W. Hill. N.S. Wales. Richmond and Clarence rivers, Beckler.
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