Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Antidesma parvifolium Thwaites & F.Muell.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Male flowers and leaves. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruits. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1864) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 86. Type: Ad sinum Edgecombe Bay juxta portum Denisonii; Fitzalan.


Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 2-3 m tall but occasionally grows larger.


Leaf blades rather small, about 1.2-1.8 x 0.8-1 cm, often produced in tight, whorl-like spirals. Twigs slender, sparsely pubescent when young. Stipules small and inconspicuous, about 1 mm long. Lateral veins difficult to distinguish but forming loops. Domatia are tufts of hair but only apparent on the younger leaves.


Flowers borne in catkin-like spikes or racemes. Male flowers about 1 mm diam. at anthesis (excluding the stamens). Disk pale yellow, comparatively large, produced inside the anther filaments. Anthers +/- U-shaped in transverse section, +/- C-shaped at anthesis. Staminodes borne under the disk in female flowers. Ovules attached to one side of the ovary.


Fruits small, about 4 mm long, laterally compressed. Fruits stain fingers purple. Endocarp sculptured. Embryo cream.


Cotyledons ovate, about 6-9 x 5-8 mm, longer than the first pair of leaves. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves ovate or elliptic, about 15-20 mm long. Stipules narrowly triangular, about 1.5-2 mm long. Stem hairs pale, +/- erect. Seed germination time 77 to 207 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Probably endemic to Australia, occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 900 m. Most frequently found in vine thickets or monsoon forest.

RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.