Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Austrosteenisia mollitricha D.J.Dixon

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Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © B. Gray
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. © CSIRO

Dixon, D.J. (1997) Austrobaileya 5: 87. Type: Queensland, Lockerbie scrub, 23 Sept. 1991. G. Sankowsky 1229 & N. Sankowsky (holo: BRI; iso: NSW, MEL).


Vine stem diameters to 25 cm recorded. Bark exudate thick, resembling half congealed blood emerging from the cut bark in definite layers.


Leaflet blades about 3.5-13.5 x 2.5-7 cm, lateral leaflet stalks about 0.3-0.6 cm long, densely hairy, terminal leaflet stalks longer. Underside of the leaflet blades densely clothed in pale +/- prostrate hairs. Stipules caducous, +/- peltate, about 5-15 mm long, clothed in prostrate hairs. Stipels linear, about 2 mm long. 'Pulvinus' present only on the terminal leaflet.


Flowers red, borne in inflorescences consisting of large numbers of raceme-like structures with a pair of flowers on a common peduncle about 4-5 mm long, pedicels about 5-6 mm long. Flowers about 10.5 x 8-9 mm. Calyx clothed in pale brown hairs, tube about 3.5 mm long, lobes about 0.5-1.5 mm long. Corolla deep dark red. Petals: standard about 7 mm long, centre cream; wings small, scarcely exceeding the calyx; keel about 10 mm long. Stamens 10, the filaments of nine stamens fused to form a tube about 5 mm long, open along one side, free part of the filaments about 4-5 mm long, alternately long and short. One stamen free. Ovary + style about 10 mm long, ovary densely hairy. Ovules about 14. Disk about 1 mm high, apex wavy.


Fruits flat, papery and indehiscent, about 4-9 x 1-2 cm, margins thickened. Calyx remnants densely clothed in pale brown or golden hairs, 'stalk' (stipe) above the calyx remnants about 4-7 mm long. Seeds reniform, about 5-6 mm long. Cotyledons about 5 mm long. Radicle slightly curved, about 1 mm long.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to CYP. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 550 m. Grows in well developed lowland and upland rain forest and in gallery forest.

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