Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Backhousia enata A.J.Ford, Craven & J.Holmes

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers. © A. Ford
Flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and flowers. © G. Sankowsky

Ford, A.J., Craven, L.A. & Brophy, J.J. (2005) Austrobaileya 7(1): 121-125. Type: Queensland. North Kennedy District: Alcock Forest Reserve, rafting access point No. 9, 5.2 km from Tully River Camping Area [NW of Tully], 14 January 2003, A.Ford 3792, G. Sankowsky & N. Sankowsky.


Single to multistemmed large shrubs or trees. Buttresses absent. Coppicing. Bark of main trunk rough, minutely fissured, more or less flaky, grey-brown. Branches on adult plants conspicuously winged.


Leaf blades about 24-38 x 11-18 mm, ovate to elliptic-obovate. Oil glands dense and conspicuous on each surface. About 8-12 main lateral veins forming loops with intramarginal vein. Adult twigs conspicuously winged. Leaves are aromatic with a menthol smell. New growth is red- purple.


Inflorescences in upper leaf axils, paniculate, 3-6 flowers.Flowers white, hairy on outside, glabrous inside. Petals about 1.8-2.0 x 1.6x1.9 mm, ovate to nearly orbicular.


Fruit, 2-2.2 x 2-2.3 mm excluding the calyx lobes; calyx lobes spreading, to 5 x 4 mm. Seeds 5-7 per locule, ca. 1 mm long, 3-faced with the abaxial face convex.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, currently only known in the Tully River catchment. Grows in notophyll vineforest and rainforest on soils derived from rhyolite and basalt.

Natural History & Notes

Leaves are aromatic with a menthol smell.

Backhousia sp. Tully River (A.Ford 3780).
RFK Code
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