Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Baloghia inophylla (G.Forst.) P.S.Green

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Female flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and male flowers. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Fruit [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Fruit, side view and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Green, P.S. (1986) Kew Bulletin 41(3): 1026.

Common name

Birch, Ivory; Brush Bloodwood; Ivory Birch; Scrub Bloodwood


Bark exudate watery red or almost colourless and rapidly turning red on exposure. Fine black stripes usually visible in the blaze.


Leaf blades about 9-18 x 4-6.5 cm. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Small oil dots visible with a lens.


Male and female flowers about 10-15 mm diam. Sepals pubescent on the adaxial surface.


Fruit about 12-18 mm diam. Aril quite small, +/- equivalent to a caruncle.


Cotyledons elliptic, about 35-40 x 15-22 mm. Cataphylls produced between the cotyledons and the first pair of true leaves. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, apex bluntly acuminate; stem encircled by conspicuous scars resembling stipular scars. Glands visible on the edge of the leaf blade close to its junction with the petiole. Seed germination time 20 to 59 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as south eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 400-900 m. Grows in drier rain forest often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta). Also occurs in New Caledonia and Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands.

Croton inophyllus Forst. f., Prodr. : 67(1786), Type: New Caledonia, lecto: K; iso: BM, GOET. Fide Green , Kew Bull. 41: 1026 (1986). Baloghia lucida Endl., Prodromus Florae Norfolkicae : 84(1833), Type: Norfolk Island Bauer, Holo: W. Codiaeum lucidum (Endl.) Mull.Arg., Prodromus 15(2.: 1116(1866).
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