Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Banksia aquilonia (A.S.George) A.S.George

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Leaves and flowers/inflorescence. © CSIRO
Infructescences and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

George, A.S. (1996) Nuytsia 11(1): 22.

Common name

Northern Banksia; White Banksia; Honeysuckle; White Bottlebrush


Oak grain in the wood and a corresponding pattern in the inner blaze.


Oak grain in the twigs. Leaf blades about 9-20 x 0.6-1.1 cm, white on the underside. Midrib depressed on the upper surface. Terminal buds and younger leaf bearing twigs densely clothed in short, rusty brown hairs.


Flowers densely packed in the spike, completely obscuring the axis of the inflorescence. No pedicels or peduncles apparent. Spikes about 6 cm or more in diam. Perianth about 25-29 mm long. Hypogynous glands four. Ovules 2 per ovary.


Cone-like fruits variable, depending on the number of individual flowers which produce seeds. Individual fruits 2-valved with the valves opening as a horizontal slit.


Cotyledons obovate, about 10 mm long. First pair of leaves; margins serrate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade linear, margin serrate throughout, undersurface clothed in white, matted hairs; stem, terminal bud and petiole clothed in pale brown hairs. Seed germination time 14 to 73 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ. Altitudinal range from 350-1000 m. Grows in wet sclerophyll forest, on rain forest margins and in rain forest advancing into wet sclerophyll forest.

Natural History & Notes

Not widely cultivated but is fast and easy to grow. The cream 'bottlebrush' flowers are produced in profusion and attract numerous birds.

Banksia integrifolia var. aquilonia A.S.George, Nuytsia 11: 22(1996), Type: Witts Lookout No. 1, Crystal Creek National Park, S of Ingham, Queensland, 12 Appril 1975, A.S. George 12973.
RFK Code
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