Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Banksia integrifolia subsp. compar (R.Br.) K.R.Thiele

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Inflorescence [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Flower and fruit. CC-BY: APII, ANBG.

Thiele, K. & Ladiges, P.Y. (1994) Australian Systematic Botany 7(4): 406.

Common name

Coast Banksia


Shrub or tree to 5 metres; bark dark-grey, slightly fissured; resting buds covered by scale-leaves about 5mm long, that fall to leave clustered scars on the stem at intervals; buds and stems with dense brown hairs; older stems with prominent lenticels; stipules absent.


Simple, whorled or in whorl-like clusters of 3 - 6; juvenile lamina elliptic and regularly toothed with more than 15 each side; teeth straight-edged with shallow sinuses; adult lamina narrow-elliptic to oblanceolate, 100 - 200mm by 20 -26mm with entire margins that are undulate and flat; upper surface shiny-green, glabrous; lower surface white, hairy, becoming glabrous; pinnately veined with more than 25 main laterals each side of midrib, faint above, distinct below; apex obtuse to cuneate; petiole 4 - 10mm.


Inflorescences cylindrical many-flowered spikes, terminal on branchlets 1 - 4 years old; flowers bisexual, zygomorphic, borne in pairs, pale yellow; tepals 4, pale yellow; perianth tubular in bud, splitting at anthesis, 22 - 24mm; anthers 4, sessile in concave tips of tepals; ovary superior, sessile; style longer than tepals with pollen presenter at apex.


A dry follicle, woody, many embedded in cylindrical woody axis 50 - 120mm long; follicles 10 - 15mm long, opening to release seeds as soon as mature 8 - 10 months after flowering; seeds 2 per follicle, winged.


Not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CEQ from near Bowen southwards to central coastal New South Wales. Usually grows in open forest but sometimes found in coastal rainforest.


Banksia compar R.Br.Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 10(1): 207(1910). Type: "In Novae Hollandiae ora orientali; prope Keppel Bay: juxta littora. (ubi v.v. absque fructa)."  Banksia integrifolia var. compar (R.Br.) F.M.Bailey, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 455, Fig. 443 (1913).

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