Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Barleria cristata L.

Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall)
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Herbarium specimen. © DERM

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum Edn. 1 2: 636. Type: Habitat in India.

Common name

Violet, Philipine; Philipine Violet


Stems clothed in hairs.


Leaf blades 5-10 x 1.8-3.2 cm, upper and lower surfaces clothed in hairs, those on the upper surfaces with glandular bases. Lateral veins 5-7 on each side of the midrib. Petioles 2-3 mm long.


Inflorescence consisting of ca. 5 shortly pedunculate bracteate clusters subtended by spines 7-11 mm long clothed in short glandular hairs. Spiny bracts spathulate, 5-12 x 2.5-3.5 mm. Calyx ca. 2.5 mm long, fused for about 1/3 of the length, lobes linear, clothed in glandular hairs. Corolla 8-9 mm long, clothed in erect hairs, tube ca. 4 mm long. Anther locules 2, one above the other, filaments 7-8 mm long. Ovary ca. 0.8 mm diam. laterally compressed. Stigma bilobed.


Capsules ellipsoid, 1.4-1.7 cm long, glabrous and glossy at maturity.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

A commonly cultivated introduced species native to India and Myanmar, now naturalised in parts of CYP and NEQ and on Christmas Island. Grows in closed forest and riparian areas.

Natural History & Notes

A garden plant, commonly grown as hedge. Barker & Telford 1993.

RFK Code
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