Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Bauhinia cunninghamii Benth.) Benth.
Bentham, G. (1864) Flora Australiensis 2: 295.
Bohemia Tree; Kimberley Bauhinia; Bauhinia; Red Bauhinia; Beantree; Joomoo; Jigal Tree
Pods flat, about 12-20 x 4-5.5 cm. Seed flat, about 10-12 x 7-10 mm. Cotyledons orbicular, much wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons oblong to obovate, about 12-15 mm long, fleshy, lacking venation, produced at ground level. First pair of true leaves compound with two leaflets. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves compound with two leaflets, leaflets +/- orbicular, unequal-sided, 3-5 veins radiating from the base. Stipules obovate. Seed germination time 7 to 81 days.
Endemic to Australia, widespread in more inland parts of WA, NT, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 500 m. Usually grows in open forest but also found in monsoon forest and similar closed forest communities.
Has potential as a street tree for dry areas. Produces red flowers.
Aboriginal usage: The branches were used to make windbreaks in the dry season. They also make excellent smokeless firewood. Aboriginal people ate the sweet gum and sucked the nectar from the flowers. They also used the bark and wood to treat headache, as an antiseptic and as a remedy for fever. Kenneally et al. (1995).