Bowenia serrulata (W.Bull) Chamb.
Chamberlain, C.J. (1912) The Botanical Gazette 54 : 419.
Butchers Fern; Byfield Fern
Leaves 5-30 in the crown. Compound leaf petiole to about 1 m or taller. Compound leaf spreading to 100-200 cm long by 100 cm broad. Leaflet margins sharply and regularly serrate. Leaflet blades about 7-15 x 1.2-4.5 cm, lanceolate to ovate, asymmetrical particularly towards the base. Upper surface of the compound leaf rhachis (both primary and secondary) with a ridge down the middle and a groove or channel on each side. Venation longitudinal and parallel without a midrib. Leaflets about 30-200 or more per compound leaf.
Male cones pedunculate and raised slightly above ground level, female sessile. Male cones: sporophylls in a cone about 5-7 x 2.5-3 cm, produced at the base of the plant just above ground level, peduncle about 70 mm long; anthers or pollen sacs (microsporangia) about 50-70, sessile, borne on the underside of each cone scale +/- at random. Female cones: megasporophylls in a sessile cone about 10 x 10 cm; ovules borne on the underside of the cone scales, two ovules per cone scale. Outer surface of each cone scale clothed in numerous short hair-like dark brown glands.
Seeds produced in a globular cone about 10 x 10 cm. Seeds about 32 x 18 mm. Cones raised slightly above ground level.
Features not available.
Description adapted from Flora of Australia Vol. 48.
Leaf material poisonous to sheep and cattle causing death and or staggers. Everist (1974).
This easily grown plant has been in cultivation for many years. It makes an attractive potted plant for indoor use.