Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Bridelia leichhardtii Baill. ex Mull.Arg.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, Epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Mueller Argoviensis, J. (1866) Prodromus 15: 499. Type: In Nova Hollandia ad Moreton Bay (Leichhard! in hb. Mus. paris.).

Common name

Small-leaved Brush Ironbark; Scrub Ironbark


Dead bark layered.


Leafy twigs slender, about 1 mm diam., slightly hairy. Leaf blades to about 10 x 4.5 cm.


Each fascicle containing 1-3 flowers. Inflorescences shorter than the leaf. Flowers about 2 mm diam. Calyx lobes glabrous on the abaxial surface. Ovules 2 per locule.


Fruits globose, about 7 x 5-6 mm. Seeds about 5 x 3 mm. Cotyledons slightly curved in transverse section but not rolled into a cylinder, about 2 x 2.5 mm, radicle about 1 x 0.2 mm.


Cotyledons wider than long, about 8-9 x 10-11 mm, truncate or slightly bilobed at the apex. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade glaucous on the undersurface. Petiole hairy. Stipules hairy, broadly or narrowly triangular, about 1.5 x 1 mm. Leaves usually distichous. Seed germination time 95 to 158 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland. Occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 520-900 m. Grows in monsoon forest, dry rain forest and other closed forest habitats.

Bridelia leichhardtii Mull.Arg. var. leichhardtii, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 879(1928). Amanoa faginea Baill., Adansonia 6: 336(1866), Type: Rockhampton, 1863, Dallachy 17; syn: MEL; Frenchmen Ck, 1863, Dallachy 259; syn: MEL; Rockhampton, Thozet 76 & 172; syn: MEL. Fide Forster (1999). Bridelia leichhardtii var. glabrata Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 89(4): 879(1928), Type: Emu Park bei Rockhampton, Gebusch unweit der Kuste (DOMIN III. 1910). Bridelia faginea (Baill.) Benth., Flora Australiensis 6: 120(1873). Bridelia melanthesioides var. australiensis Gehrm., Botanische Jahrbucher 41, Beiblatt 95 41: 35(1908), Type: (not cited).
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