Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Callitris macleayana (F.Muell.) F.Muell.

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Fruit. © CSIRO
Cones and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 1mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage and 10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Mueller, F.J.H. von (1860) Essay on the plants collected by E.Fitzalan during Lieut. Smith's Expedition to the Estuary of the Burdekin .. : 19.

Common name

Kerosene Pine; Brush Cypress Pine; Cypress Pine; Pine, Brush Cypress; Pine, Kerosene; Pine, Stringybark; Port Macquarie Pine; Stringybark Cypress; Stringybark Cypress Pine; Stringybark Pine; Brush Cypress; Pine, Port Macquarie


Dead bark layered, purple colourations usually obvious in the dead bark.


True leaves quite small, less than 1 mm long, triangular, occurring in whorls of three, usually visible when a needle is broken at one of its joints. Leaves longer on small trees and seedlings.


Male flowers produced in cones about 3-5 mm long.


Cones (resembling capsules) about 20-30 mm diam., usually produced in clusters on thick woody peduncles. Valves (usually six) thick and woody, +/- triangular, not opening very widely. Seeds winged at one end.


Cotyledons linear, about 20-30 mm long. First leaves in whorls of four. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves in whorls of four, sessile, linear with a needle-like tip at the apex. Seed germination time 36 to 52 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, south-eastern Queensland, north-eastern and coastal central New South Wales but not in coastal central Queensland. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 700-1200 m. Usually grows on the margins of rain forest but also found in wet sclerophyll forest.

Natural History & Notes

This species produces a useful but quite fissile timber which can be used to start cooking fires but is not as good as that of Callitris intratropica.

Wood specific gravity 0.57. Cause et al. (1989).

Frenela macleayana (F.Muell.) Parl., Prodromus 16(2): 446(1868). Octoclinis macleayana F.Muell., Transactions and Proceedings of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria 2: 22(1857), Type: At Tacking Point of Port Macquarie, discovered by W.S. Mackay, Esq. Frenela parlatorei (F.Muell.) Parl., Prodromus 16(2): 447(1868). Callitris parlatorei F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 186(1865), Type: In tractu montium Darlingtons Range Australiae orientalis subtropicae. W. Hill.
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