Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Roxburgh, W. in Carey, W. (ed.) (1820) Flora Indica 1: 130.
Perfume Tree; Ylang-Ylang; Woolly Pine; Macassar Oil Tree; Cananga
Fibrous stripes forming a lace-like pattern in the blaze but a corresponding pattern or grain not apparent in the wood. Brown bundles of fibres visible in the blaze.
Leaf blades about 8-22 x 5-9 cm. Fine oak grain in the twigs. Scattered or sparsely scattered small oil dots visible with a lens.
Fruiting carpels about 20-25 x 10-15 mm on stalks about 10-15 mm long. Seeds about 8 x 5 mm, 3-15 per carpel. Embryo minute, about 0.6-0.8 mm. Cotyledons slightly longer than the radicle.
The flowers of this species produce a perfumed oil in glands near the base. This oil can be extracted and has been used in perfumery. Corner (1952).
Fruit eaten by Cassowaries and Fruit Pigeons. The flowers of this species are pleasantly perfumed and are sold in Malaysian markets. Cooper & Cooper (1994).