Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Canarium australianum F.Muell. var. australianum
Sleumer, H.O. (1955) Blumea 8: 189.
Exudate slow and meagre, generally clear but turning brown on exposure. Blaze odour sometimes resembling that of mango (Mangifera indica) or turpentine.
Stipules long and peg-like, about 0.5-1.3 x 0.1 cm, visible on younger twigs. Leaflet blades about 6-19 x 3-8 cm. Leaflet stalks produce a milky exudate. Midrib and main lateral veins raised on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Compound leaf rhachis swollen at the point of attachment of the lateral leaflets.
Inflorescence about 8-30 cm long. Petals about 5-6 mm long.
Fruits about 20-30 mm long. Cotyledons 3-lobed.
Widespread in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 500 m. Often grows in open forest but also found in monsoon forest and on rain forest margins. Also occurs in New Guinea.
Three varieties are recognised in northern Australia:
1. var. glabrum - lower surface of leaf glabrous
2. var. australianum - lower surface of leaf with appressed hairs
3. var. velutinum - lower surface of leaf with velutinous (more or less erect) hairs.