Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Canavalia cathartica Thouars
Thouars, A.A. du Petit (1813) Journal de Botanique, Appliquee l'Agriculture, a la Pharmacie, a la Medecine et aux Arts 1(2): 81. Type: (not cited).
A slender vine not exceeding a stem diameter of 2 cm.
Inflorescence a raceme of fascicles. Calyx tube about 10 mm long, lobes dimorphic, 2 large and 3 small. Petals clawed, i.e. stalked. Standard about 20 mm long. Stamens 10, filaments about 20-25 mm long, all fused to form a sheath around the ovary and style. One filament free towards the base. Filaments alternately longer and shorter. Pollen yellow. Ovules 10 per ovary.
Cotyledons thick and fleshy, about 20 x 8-10 mm. Cotyledon venation not apparent. First pair of true leaves orbicular, about 9-10 x 9-10 cm. Apex obtuse, base cordate. About 5-7 veins radiate from the base of the leaf blade. Midrib and main lateral veins clothed in hairs on the upper surface of the leaf blade. Stipules obovate, about 10 x 3 mm. Petioles densely clothed in white hairs and reduced in diameter at its junction with the leaf blade. Seed germination time 12 days.
This species may have medicinal properties.
This species is of no agricultural significance. Hacker (1990).