Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Celtis timorensis Span.

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Male flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Female flower at top, male below. © G. Sankowsky
Leaf and flowers. © G. Sankowsky
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO

Spanoghe, J.B. (1841) Linnaea 15: 343. Type: Timor.


Blaze quite hard to cut, consisting of dark brown, horny layers and much softer thin cream layers.


Leaf blades about 6-9 x 3-4.5 cm. Midrib and main lateral veins depressed on the upper surface. Oil dots visible with a lens. Pale coloured lenticels conspicuous on the twigs.


Male inflorescence racemose, about 5-20-flowered, each flower about 2 mm diam. Stigmatic arms entire in the female flowers. Hermaphrodite flowers borne in mixed inflorescences containing about 4-7 flowers, each flower about 2-3 mm diam.


Fruits globular, about 9-11 mm diam., endocarp shallowly pitted and with two fairly well developed longitudinal ribs.


Cotyledons about 10-15 x 10-12 mm, apex divided into two large, usually acute, lobes. First pair of leaves ovate, 3-veined at the base. Margin with 4 or 5 teeth on each side. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade +/- ovate, apex acuminate, base cordate; midrib sparsely pubescent on the underside; stipules filiform, pubescent, persisting after each leaf matures. Seed germination time 159 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from 200-250 m. Grows in drier, more seasonal rain forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

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