Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Chionanthus ramiflorus Roxb.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flowers. © Barry Jago
Flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. © B. Gray
Fruit, 4 side views, transverse section and seed. © W. T. Cooper
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO

Roxburgh, W. in Carey, W. (ed.) (1820) Flora Indica 1: 106. Type: A native of the Moluccas. Flowering time March and April. Seed ripe in September.

Common name

Olive, Northern; Northern Olive; Native Olive


Yellowish layers in the blaze.


Leaf blades about 9-17 x 2-7 cm. Leafy twigs pale, usually marked by numerous pale lenticels. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Leaf bearing twigs about 2-3 mm diam. Midrib cream.


Inflorescence as long as or longer than the leaves. Sepals to about 1 mm long. Petals about 2-2.5 mm long, +/- ovate to almost orbicular.


Fruits ovoid, about 18-25 x 12-15 mm.


First pair of leaves ovate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic, midrib orange-red, flush with the upper surface. Pale lenticels prominent on the stem. Seed germination time 18 to 60 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from sea level to 600 m. Grows in rain forest, seasonal rain forest, monsoon forest and beach forest. Also occurs in Asia and Malesia.

Natural History & Notes

Fallen fruit eaten by Cassowaries. Cooper & Cooper (1994).

Linociera ramiflora (Roxb.) DC., Prodromus 8: 297(1844). Mayepea ramiflora (Roxb.) F.Muell., Systematic Census of Australian Plants : 92(1883).
RFK Code
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