Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Cleistanthus hylandii Airy Shaw

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Flowers [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Flowers and immature fruit [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Fruit [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruit [not vouchered]. © G. Sankowsky
Leaves and fruits. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, durian germination. © CSIRO

Airy Shaw, H.K. (1976) Kew Bulletin 31: 379. Type: Claudie River, lat. 12 deg 50 S., long. 143 deg 30 E., rain forest, alt. 10 m, 17 Oct. 1974, Hyland 3099 RFK; holo: K).

Common name

Bernie's Cleistanthus


Seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Blaze finely layered.


Leaf blades about 8-19 x 3.5-8.5 cm. Petioles transversely wrinkled. Young leaves pinkish.


Flowers about 2 mm diam. Calyx glabrous throughout. Ovary glabrous.


Fruit disintegrating at maturity leaving the stalk and central axis attached to the tree. Capsule (without stalk) about 5 mm long.


Cotyledons remain in the seed coat and the first pair of leaves is produced before the seed coat is shed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade elliptic or ovate, apex acuminate, base rounded; new growth and undersurface of leaves purple; stipules short, densely clothed in rusty hairs. Seed germination time 8 to 42 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland, occurs in CYP and NEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 600 m. Grows in well developed rain forest and gallery forest, particularly in disturbed areas.

RFK Code
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