Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Croton phebalioides F.Muell. ex Müll.Arg.
Mueller Argoviensis, J. (1864) Flora oder Allgemeine Botanische Zeitung 47: 485. Type: Queensland, Burdekin River, F. Mueller; holo: K.
White Croton; Narrow-leaved Croton; Croton, White; Croton, Narrow-leaved
Occasionally grows into a small tree but usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 2-4 m tall.
Male flowers: Flowers about 2 mm diam. with a corolla, sepals clothed in brown stellate hairs or scales and white downy hairs. Petals with woolly hairs towards the apex. Disk clothed in long woolly hairs. Female flowers: Flowers about 3 mm diam. without a corolla. Ovary densely clothed in stellate hairs which obscure it. Ovary with a ring of glands at the base. Stigmas numerous, about 18.
Capsules about 6 mm diam., clothed in stellate hairs or scales, perianth persistent at the base, disintegrating completely at maturity. Caruncle small, white, cream or pale brown. Cotyledons much wider than the radicle.
Cotyledons about 15-19 x 12-15 mm. First pair of leaves +/- ovate, alternate, margins toothed, underside densely clothed in stellate hairs and scales. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade underside densely clothed in mainly white stellate scales with scattered brown stellate scales. Stipules small and inconspicuous. Stem and petioles clothed in stellate white and brown scales. Leaves aromatic when crushed. Roots aromatic when crushed, the odour resembling that of camphor. Seed germination time 52 to 112 days.
Endemic to Australia, occurs in NEQ, CEQ and southwards as far as coastal central New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 600 m. Grows in vine thickets, brigalow scrub, monsoon forest and the drier types of rain forest.