Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Cupaniopsis foveolata (F.Muell.) Radlk.

Click/tap on images to enlarge
Flower. © Barry Jago
Flowers and buds. © CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. © CSIRO
Leaves and fruit. © CSIRO
Fruit, side view, dehiscing and arillous seeds. © W. T. Cooper
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO

Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879) Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe der k. b. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Munchen 4 : 514.

Common name

Tamarind, White; Toothed Tuckeroo; White Tamarind; Narrow-leaved Tuckeroo


Usually encountered as a small tree to 30 cm dbh but recorded to 45 cm dbh.


Leaflet blades about 4.5-9 x 1.5-2 cm. Domatia are small foveoles. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Midrib raised or raised in a groove on the upper surface. Compound leaf rhachis with a median ridge and two channels on the upper surface of the leaflet bearing section. Leaf bearing twigs longitudinally grooved.


Flowers pedicellate. Calyx lobes about 2.5-4 mm long. Petals ovate, about 1.5-2 mm long, scales much shorter than the petals, scales clothed in white hairs. Stamens eight, filaments clothed in hairs on the basal half.


Capsules about 10-13 mm diam., hairy on the inner surface. Capsule appearing almost glabrous externally, the hairs short (puberulous) and visible only with a lens. Aril nearly enclosing the seed.


First pair of leaves glabrous, leaflet blades sessile, opposite, toothed or lobed, the petiole and rhachis winged. At the tenth leaf stage: compound leaf glabrous, leaflet blade margin coarsely serrate; rhachis not winged; compound leaf petiole mainly flat on the upper surface but the rhachis ridged on the upper surface. Seed germination time 12 to 27 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Queensland. Occurs in CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 950 m. Grows as an understory tree in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.

Cupania foveolata F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9: 95(1875), Type: Ad Nulla-Nulla prope McLeays River, nec non ad flumen Bellingers River, Carron; ad Rockinghams Bay, Dallachy; ad Moresbys Range. Cupaniopsis baileyana Radlk., Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 20(1-: 32(1924), Type: In Australia colonia Queensland: Bailey! (Mount Mistake, S.W. of the Railway line, about 20 miles from Laidley.
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.