Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Dalbergia candenatensis (Dennst.) Prain

Click/tap on images to enlarge
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. © CSIRO

Prain, D. (1901) Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 70(2): 49.

Common name



Vine stem diameters to 3 cm recorded. Bark somewhat papery, rolled to form vertical cylinders.


Compound leaves consist of 5-7 leaflets. Leaflet blades about 15-50 x 8-30 mm, leaflet stalks about 2-3 mm long. Stipules caducous, about 1 mm long. Tendrils are modified lateral branches.


Flower stalks about 1.5-2 mm long, but the flowers are technically sessile with two comparatively large bracts at the base of the calyx tube. Bracts concave on the adaxial surface, +/- orbicular, about 1.5 mm diam. Calyx tube about 2 mm long, lobes about 0.7 mm long. Petals about 6-10 mm long. Stamens 10, all filaments united to form a sheath around the ovary, but open along one side. Filaments free from one another near the apex. Anthers opening by means of divaricate slits. Ovary about 2-2.5 mm long, ovary stalk about 2 mm long. Style about 1.5 mm long. Ovules two.


Fruits about 2-3.5 x 1.25-1.5 cm on a stipe about 2-4 mm long. Perianth segments persistent at the base of the stipe. Fruits corky inside. Seed solitary, reniform, about 8-10 x 5-6 mm.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NT, CYP, NEQ and CEQ. Altitudinal range very small, usually found just above sea level. Usually grows on the landward side of mangroves, sometimes in or on the margins of monsoon forest or rain forest. Also occurs in New Guinea and other parts of Malesia.

Natural History & Notes

This species is of no grazing significance. Hacker (1990).

Cassia candenatensis Dennst., Schlus. Hort. Malabar. 12: 32(1818). Dalbergia monosperma Dalzell, Hook. Kew Journ. 2: 36(1850), Type: Ind. or.
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.