Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Dodonaea triquetra J.C.Wendl.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
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Leaves and fruit. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Leaves and male flowers. © Australian Plant Image Index (APII). Photographer: M. Fagg.
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. © CSIRO

Wendland, J.C. (1798) Botanische Beobachtungen : 44. Type: Australia, collector unknown; lecto: B. Fide J. G. West, Brunonia 7: 51 (1984).

Common name

Hop Bush


Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub about 1-3 m tall.


Leaf blades narrowly elliptic, about 7-13 x 1-4 cm, with about 20 or more lateral veins, petioles about 0.3-0.8 cm long. Stem and petioles clothed in a mixture of short, simple hairs and stellate hairs.


Pedicels about 6-8 mm long. Tepals about 0.6-1.1 x 0.4-1 mm, apices acute. Stamens usually eight, sometimes ten, filaments about 1-1.5 mm long. Anthers linear, 3.5-4 x 0.6-0.8 mm. Ovary ovoid, about 0.9-1.5 x 0.8-1.2 mm, glabrous. Styles three, about 6-13 mm long.


Fruits 3-winged, capsule + wings about 11-18 x 11-14.5 mm. Seeds 2-3, each about 2.5-2.7 x 2.1-2.3 mm. Testa black. Embryo about 8.5 x 1.5 mm, tightly coiled with the tips of the cotyledons in the centre of the coil. Cotyledons slightly broader than the radicle. Cotyledons about 5-6 mm long, radicle about 4-4.5 mm long.


Cotyledons linear, about 23-28 x 4-5 mm, petioles about 1-2 mm long. First pair of leaves about 32 x 28 mm, base attenuate, margins coarsely lobed. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf blade about 9 x 3 cm, margin smooth or obscurely toothed towards the apex. Seed germination time 10 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in NEQ, south-eastern Queensland and southwards to eastern Victoria. Altitudinal range in NEQ from 850-1000 m. Usually grows in drier wet sclerophyll forest but in NEQ it may occur on the margin of mountain rain forest.

Natural History & Notes

This species may have medicinal properties.

Dodonaea longipes G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 674(1831), Type: Australia, herbarium of G. Lambert; holo: ?. Dodonaea laurifolia Sieber ex Loudon, Hort. Brit. : 154(1830), Type: Cultivated, originally from Australia; holo: ?. Dodonaea laurina Sieber ex A.Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 16th edn , Curae Posteriores 4: 152(1827), Type: New South Wales, 1825, F. W. Sieber 272; syn: BM, FI, G, K, MEL, P, W. Dodonaea dioica DC., Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 1: 445(1822), Type: Locality unknown, 1861, A. Lambert; holo: G-DC.
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