Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Elaeodendron australe var. integrifolium (Tratt.) DC.

Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall)
Click/tap on images to enlarge
Fruit and leaves [not vouchered]. CC-BY: S. & A. Pearson.
Fruit and leaves. CC-BY: APII, ANBG

Candolle, A.P. de in Candolle, A.P. de (ed.) (1825), Celastrinae. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 2: 10

Common name

Narrow-Leaved Red Olive Plum


Shrub to 5 m or sometimes recorded as small tree to 10 m.


Leaves opposite and simple. Stipules present, falling off early (caducous). Petioles 3-6 mm long, young petioles ± channelled on the upper surface. Leaf blade oblong-oblanceolate, oblong-elliptic or narrowly elliptic, 2.7-14 cm long, 0.4-2 cm wide, base attenuate or cuneate, margins entire or crenate, apex acute or obtuse. Leaves glabrous. Young leaf bearing twigs four-angled. Midrib slightly raised on the upper surface. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin.


Inflorescence an axillary dichasial cyme. Flowers unisexual and plant dioecious, actinomorphic, 4 -merous. Sepals free or fused only at the base, entire, shorter than petals, broadly depressed ovate, green to yellow. Petals free, c. 2.5 mm long, ovate, green to yellow. Male flowers with 4 stamens on edge of disc, alternating with petals; female flowers with ovary in disc and with 4 staminodes on edge of disc alternating with petals. Ovary superior, locules 2.


Fruit a fleshy drupe, ovoid or ellipsoidal, 9-15 mm long, 4-9 mm diam. Mature fruit with orange-red fleshy outer layer or exocarp. Endocarp stone like containing 1 seed.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to Australia, occurs in CEQ and southwards as far as Narrabi in New South Wales. Grows in dry rain forest and vine thicket communities.

Natural History & Notes

Distinguished from the other variety in this species Elaeodendron australe var. australe by the narrower leaves; 15-50 mm wide (length c. 1.5-3.5 times the breadth) in E. australe var. australe compared with 5-20 mm wide (length over 4 and often 8-10 times the breadth) in E. australe var. integrifolium.

Portenschlagia integrifolia Tratt., Archiv der Gewachskunde 5: 47, t. 219, (1818), Type: "Diefe blüht alljährlich zu Unfang des Frühlings in den gemassigten Gewächshäufen des E. E. Gartens in Schönbrunn. .. e nova Hollandia". Elaeodendron integrifolium (Tratt.) Sweet, Sweet's Hortus Britannicus Edn. 2: 110, (1830). Cassine integrifolia (Tratt.) Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 22(89): 895 (1927). Elaeodendron australe var. angustifolium Benth., Flora Australiensis 1: 403, (1863), Type: "Burnett, Dawson, and Pine rivers, in Queensland, F. Mueller ; Warwick, Beckler." Cassine australis var. pedunculosa Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica 22(89): 895 (1927), Type: "Tambourine Mts. (DOMIN III. 1910); s.l., A. DIETRICH No. 450, 1348, 1515, 1519, 1572, 1874, 2048, 2111, 2147, 2179." Cassine australis var. angustifolia (Benth.) Jessup, nom. illeg., nom. superfl., Flora of Australia 22: 176, 222, (1984).
RFK Code
Copyright © CSIRO 2020, all rights reserved.