Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition
Elattostachys xylocarpa (A.Cunn. ex F.Muell.) Radlk.
Radlkofer, L.A.T. (1879), Actes du Congres International de Botanistes .. Amsterdam for 1877: 112.
Leaves pinnately compound, alternate, 6-16 cm long. New growth reddish. Buds softly hairy with simple hairs. Stipules absent. Petiole 1-4 cm long. Petiolules and petioles swollen at base. Leaflets 2-6 per leaf, alternate, terminal leaflet absent, rachis extended shortly beyond the last leaflet. Blades variable in shape, ± elliptic to oblong-obovate, 4-10.5 cm long, 1-5 cm wide, base cuneate, rounded and often asymmetric, margins entire, regularly or irregularly toothed, apex acute or obtuse. Leaflets hairy to hairless on upper surface, hairy on lower surface yellow to golden tinged. Midrib raised on the upper surface of the leaflet blade. Domatia present, conspicuous as hairy tufts in lateral vein axils.
Inflorescence axillary, racemose or in panicles. Flowers unisexual and plant monoecious, actinomorphic. Sepals 5, fused only at the base, ovate 3-4 mm long, hairy. Petals 5, free, ovate or subhastate, glabrous except for villous recurved scales, 2.5-5 mm long, pinkish white. Male flowers with 8 stamens (exserted) and a rudimentary ovary present. Female flowers with usually 8 staminodes (on short filaments and not exserted). Ovary superior, locules 3.
Fruit a capsule, obovoid or ellipsoidal, 3-valved, grooved at sutures, dry when mature, 15-20 mm long, 15-22 mm diam. Mature fruit yellow-green outside, pink-purplish inside, sparsely hairy outside, valves thick and woody. Seed black 6-8 mm long, 1 per locule; aril white to purple-pink, with two broad arms on either side of seed.
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