Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Flindersia acuminata C.T.White

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Leaves and fruits. © CSIRO
Fruit, side view, dehiscing and seeds. © W. T. Cooper
Leaves, flowers and fruit. © CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, durian germination. © CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, durian germination. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
10th leaf stage. © CSIRO
Flower, oblique view. © CSIRO
Flower, bird's-eye view, petals, stamens, staminodes & stigma. © CSIRO

White, C.T. (1919) Queensland Department of Agriculture and Stock. Botany Bulletin 21: 5. Type: Atherton Tableland, H.W. Mocatta, 3 July 1915.

Common name

Icewood; Maple, Silver; Paddy King's Beech; Pine, Putt's; Putt's Pine; Silver Silkwood; Silver Maple; White Silkwood; Silkwood, Silver


Bark usually pale brown. Inconspicuous, pale brown stripes usually visible in the outer blaze.


Oil dots visible with a lens, more conspicuous on the underside of the leaflet blade. Young shoots clothed in very small, pale, stellate hairs. Lateral leaflet blades about 5-15 x 1.3-4.8 cm, with about 8-15 lateral veins on each side of the midrib. Compound leaf petiole with lateral angles or very short wings towards the base.


Inflorescence hairs stellate. Sepals suborbicular, about 1-1.2 mm long. Petals elliptic-oblong, about 3-3.2 mm long. Ovules 3 on each side of the placenta.


Capsules about 9-12 cm long, outer surface muricate with relatively long excrescences. Seeds winged at both ends, radicle lateral. The remains of the capsules normally present beneath mature trees.


Cotyledons remaining within the seed coat until the first pair of leaves are produced. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral leaflet blades glabrous on the upper surface or with a few hairs along the midrib, slightly unequal-sided at the base; oil dots, if present, scarce, very small and difficult to see with a lens. Seed germination time 8 to 44 days.

Distribution and Ecology

Endemic to NEQ, restricted to the area between the Windsor Tableland and Tully. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1200 m. Grows in well developed rain forest on a variety of sites.

Natural History & Notes

A decorative and useful cabinet timber which takes a high polish.

Formerly used in the manufacture of barrels (cooperage). Swain (1928).

An attractive timber tree with dark green compound leaves that form a large spreading crown. Would be a useful shady tree for parks or streets. Flowers are yellow and are followed by fruit that are star-like when open.

Wood specific gravity 0.53 Cause et al. (1989).

RFK Code
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