Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants - Online edition

Gynochthodes canthoides (F.Muell.) Razafim. & B.Bremer

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Male flowers. © R. Jensen
Male flowers and leaves. © R. Jensen
Bisexual flowers. © J.E. Kemp
Bisexual flowers and leaves. © J.E. Kemp
Bisexual flowers and leaves. © J.E. Kemp
Habit. © J.E. Kemp
Herbarium sheet. CC-BY: ATH.
Herbarium sheet. CC-BY: ATH.

Razafimandimbison, S.G. & Bremer, B. (2011), Nomenclatural changes and taxonomic notes in the tribe Morindeae (Rubiaceae). Adansonia 33(2): 288.


Vine or scrambler with woody stems. Buds and young stems sparsely hairy, stems becoming hairless.


Leaves simple, opposite. Stipules interpetiolar, lanceolate, 2-3 mm long, becoming membranous and disintegrating. Petiole 2-5 mm long. Leaf blade ovate to oblong-ovate, elliptic, 2-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, base cuneate to obtuse, margins entire, apex shortly acuminate; juvenile leaves linear, to 12 cm long and 2-4 mm wide. Lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Domatia hairy or hairless pits. Both surfaces hairless or sparsely hairy.


Inflorescences range from simple stalked flowers in axillary clusters to 1-3 flowered heads, heads occurring in pairs on short stalks united by a common peduncle 1-5 mm long. Flowers either all bisexual or sometimes some male flowers mixed with bisexual flowers, actinomorphic, 4- or 5-merous, c. 2 mm diam. Sepals ± united into a short tube. Petals with tube 1-2 mm long, lobes spreading to recurved, 2-3 mm long, white to yellow. Stamens same number as corolla lobes, exserted from corolla tube. Ovary inferior, fused to ovary of adjacent flowers in head when present; style exserted from corolla tube, stigma bilobed.


Fruit fleshy, a drupe when developing from a solitary flower or an aggregate when developing from fused flowers, globose or irregularly 2- or 3-lobed, 4-10 mm diam., orange-red. Stones 1-3 per syncarp, each 1-seeded.


Features not available.

Distribution and Ecology

Occurs in WA, the southern part of NEQ near Townsville, and in CEQ southwards to near Newcastle in New South Wales.

Natural History & Notes

This profile information and associated coding has been adapted from Cooper & Cooper (2004) and Harden et al. (2014).

Coprosma canthoides F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 7(52): 45, (1869). Coprosma acutifolia F.Muell. ex Benth. nom. illeg., Flora Australiensis 3: 429 (1867), Type: "N.S. Wales. Durandoo, in the western interior, Goodwin and Dallachy." Morinda canthoides (F.Muell.) Halford & R.J.F.Hend., Austrobaileya 5(4): 731, (2000). Morinda acutifolia F.Muell., nom. illeg.  Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 9(80): 179, (1875).  Type: "Ad flumen Pine-River, F. M. ; ad fluvium Brisbane's River, Bailey ; prope urbem Rockhampton, Thozet.
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